Basic Bookkeeping and Accounting Glossary

what are the two inventory designations typically used by a retail business for accounting purposes?

In particular, the Government was anxious not to extend unnecessarily the scope of any duties which might be owed to investors or wider classes of third parties, in order to protect the interests of company members, employees and creditors. The Transparency Directive also sets out the minimum requirements for a liability regime that must be adopted by the UK at Article 7, and recital states “Member States should remain free to determine the extent of the liability”. New section 89L gives the Authority the power, in certain circumstances, to suspend or prohibit trading of securities admitted to trading on a regulated market, or to request the market operator to suspend or prohibit such trading. The powers are to be used where the Authority suspects (subsections and ) or finds applicable breaches of transparency obligations.

what are the two inventory designations typically used by a retail business for accounting purposes?

Single warehouse traders must also complete the additional records and returns required from an accounting point (read paragraph 10.18). More deliveries within the same accounting period can then be made to the extent of the difference between the guarantee and the net liability recorded (read paragraph 10.16). Where forms HO9 are received and entered as a credit in the warehouse accounts, the amount of that approved person’s secured liability will be automatically reduced by the warehousekeeper. Warehousekeepers and fuels producers must maintain a record of all their deliveries under duty deferment arrangements from duty-suspended premises to make sure that, where guarantees are in place, their level is not exceeded. Those warehousekeepers whose liability is not capped at £9.5 million of duty due must adjust the available periodic balance for each DAN accordingly. Where required, guarantees must be lodged with the Central Deferment Office on form C1201HO and must be given by an approved bank or insurance company.


Subsection enables court service on a company registered in Scotland or Northern Ireland at the company’s principal place of business in England and Wales. It provides power for the Secretary of State to make regulations to provide an alternative to the company’s registered office as the location for inspection of specified records. The company may apply to register as a company limited by shares, a company limited by guarantee or as an unlimited company. So, a company with limited liability may not register as an unlimited company, and only a company with share capital may register as a company limited by shares. Revised Period during which Squeeze-Out and Sell-Out Rights may be Exercised (section 980) – the Directive provides (Articles 15.4 and 16.3) that squeeze-out and sell-out rights must be exercisable within a three month period following the time allowed for acceptance of the bid.

what are the two inventory designations typically used by a retail business for accounting purposes?

You should discuss this with us before completing your application for approval. If you have overpaid duty, you should contact the HMRC imports and exports helpline for advice. To cater for this eventuality you should agree an ‘emergency measurement’ procedure with HMRC. Owners of third party warehouses should also agree an emergency procedure with us.

8 Security you need for the duty

This section provides that a nomination will stop having effect on the request of the nominated person or the member (subsection ), or on the death, bankruptcy or winding up of the nominated person or the member (subsection ). There is no change in the obligation of a company with more than 50 members to maintain an index of the names of the members . To provide its name and specified other information to those who request it in the course of business . This section requires the adjudicator to publish his decision and his reasons for it, possibly through a website.

What are the different types of inventory in retail business?

There are four main types of inventory: raw materials/components, WIP, finished goods and MRO.

Heavy oil may be removed without payment of excise duty from a warehouse or producer’s premises for use on board vessels other than pleasure craft, whilst engaged on marine voyages, that is, voyages in which a vessel is at all times either at sea or within the limits of a port. Fuel removed under duty suspension may not, without our consent, be delivered on payment of duty until it has physically been taken into stock and full accounts of the description and quantity of the oil have been taken on receipt and on re-delivery. We do not generally allow credit of excise duty on duty-paid fuel, or on the fuel content of composites , delivered from warehouse on payment of duty and later returned to duty-suspended storage. Paragraphs 5.8.3 to 5.8.8 set out when we will allow credit, and also when we will not. The requirements for the movement of excisable goods, other than fuel, under excise duty suspension within Northern Ireland and the EU, are set out in Receive goods into and remove goods from an excise warehouse . Unmarked gas oil, kerosene or light oil furnace fuel imported for delivery to remote marking premises for marking must be declared at the appropriate unrebated rate of duty (HODA s6 ).

Examples, Formulas and Expert Management Accounting Advice That Businesses Need to Succeed

When prices are high your contribution may buy fewer shares but when prices are low your contribution buys more shares. Units that automatically reinvest any income back into the unit or investment trust. Rather construction bookkeeping than buying more units, the fund’s unit price is increased to reflect the income that would have been paid out. A move out of sales into training and education, or recruitment, is another possibility.

  • If there is no duty liability in any month, submit HO10 showing a nil return.
  • Paragraph 15 enables the company and a member to agree alternative methods of communication, for example other than website communication where a company has defaulted to website communications.
  • To facilitate the delivery of fuel to eligible vessels, without payment of duty, the tanks of floating craft may form part of an existing export facility (referred to as a ‘base’ warehouse).
  • This section largely restates subsections and of section 704 of the 1985 Act.
  • However, it makes new provision (subsection ) that, where a company’s property has passed to the Crown and been disposed of, the Crown, in reimbursing the newly restored company, may deduct the reasonable costs of sale which were incurred.

This section provides that the definition for “quoted company” is as stated in Part 15 of the Act. This section makes provision for the recording of decisions of a company with only one member. This section provides for where a partnership that is not a legal person is appointed as an independent assessor on a poll.

1 Operations that may be performed in approved warehouses

New share issues are very rarely in physical form with records being held electronically. Holders of this type of share have the same rights as ordinary share holders. The exception is that they are not entitled to any dividend payments until certain conditions are met. The accounting entry which shows the cost of purchasing a share or unit usually on the Statement of Account. Company declared liabilities which are due to be settled within the current financial year. An electronic clearing system used to settle trades in the UK financial markets.

Subsection refers to section 426, which allows under certain circumstances for summary financial statements rather than full accounts to be sent out as part of the general information. An important principle to note is that the information rights and exercise of other rights where shares are held on behalf of others can be initiated and enforced with the company only by the registered member. This Part does not compel the registered member to confer such rights on third parties. It will be for indirect investors, such as shareholders holding through a nominee, to choose a nominee operator who offers such rights as part of their service. Second, section 131 provides power to modify the provisions of Chapter 2 of this Part (relating to the company’s register of members) in their application to overseas branch registers. As now, the certificate of incorporation on re-registration is conclusive evidence that the company is now an unlimited company and that the requirements of the Act as regards re-registration have been met.

Other changes in volume

This section replaces section 290 of the 1985 Act insofar as it applies to secretaries who are not individuals. It sets out the details which must be registered where the secretary of a company is either a body corporate or a firm which is a legal person under the law by which it is governed. The requirements that apply in the case of an EEA company follow the recommendations of the CLR (Final Report, paragraph 11.39). Approval is only required where the value of the asset exceeds £100,000 or 10% of the company’s net assets (based on its last set of annual accounts or called-up share capital if it has not yet produced any accounts). It retains the requirement for the corporate or firm name and the registered or principal office to be recorded where the director is either a body corporate or a firm that is a legal person under the law by which it is governed. This section provides a procedure by which the company can refer the matter to the court if it thinks that the request may not be for a proper purpose.

  • You will need to check that your journal agrees to the opening balance element shown in the transition grid analysis noted below.
  • Section 1091, again responding to provisions of the amended First Company Law Directive (68/151/EEC), provides that, unless the applicant chooses otherwise, copies of information provided in hard copy must be certified as true copies but electronic copies must not be so certified.
  • A person guilty of such an offence is liable on conviction on indictment to two years’ imprisonment or a fine or both; and on summary conviction to twelve months’ imprisonment or a fine or both.
  • This section enables appeal to a court against the decision of the company names adjudicator.
  • They may require notice to be given to the registrar of certain appointments (subsections and ).
  • For example, they can provide data based on a specific product, geography, period, supplier or sales territory.

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